Flerken v1.0.2 releases: Open-Source Obfuscated Command Detection Tool
Flerken – Open-Source Obfuscated Command Detection Tool
Command line obfuscation has been proved to be a non-negligible factor in fileless malware or malicious actors that are “living off the land”. To bypass signature-based detection, dedicated obfuscation techniques are shown to be used by red-team penetrations and even APT activities. Meanwhile, numerous obfuscators (namely tools perform syntax transformation) are open source, thus making obfuscating given commands increasingly effortless.
However, the number of suitable defenses remains to be few. For Linux command line obfuscation, we can barely find any detection tools. Concerning defenses against Windows command obfuscation, existing schemes turn out to either lack of toolization, or only partially resolve the entire problem, sometimes even inaccurately.
To better facilitate obfuscation detection, we have proposed Flerken, a localized platform that can be used to detect both Windows (CMD and Powershell) and Linux (Bash) commands. The name of Flerken is inspired by a cat-like yet extremely powerful creature from Marvel world. Flerken is built on the basis of a careful collection of black/white samples and can be divided into two sub-schemes, namely Kindle (Windows obfuscation detector) and Octopus (Linux obfuscation detector). To help optimize Flerken’s classification performance, we adopt techniques such as machine learning, bi-directional feature filter ring, script sandboxing.
For a detailed description of Flerken, please review our specification document here.
- Support new types of Bash obfuscation, according to Bashfuscator.
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