Quark Engine v21.11.2 releases: automating analysis of suspicious Android application
An Obfuscation-Neglect Android Malware Scoring System
Android malware analysis engine is not a new story. Every antivirus company has its own secrets to build it. With curiosity, we develop a malware scoring system from the perspective of Taiwan Criminal Law in an easy but solid way.
We have an order theory of criminal which explains stages of committing a crime. For example, the crime of murder consists of five stages, they are determined, conspiracy, preparation, start and practice. The latter the stage the more we’re sure that the crime is practiced.
According to the above principle, we developed our order theory of android malware. We develop five stages to see if malicious activity is being practiced. They are 1. Permission requested. 2. Native API call. 3. A certain combination of native API. 4. Calling sequence of native API. 5. APIs that handle the same register. We not only define malicious activities and their stages but also develop weights and thresholds for calculating the threat level of malware.
Malware evolved with new techniques to gain difficulties for reverse engineering. Obfuscation is one of the most commonly used techniques. In this talk, we present a Dalvik bytecode loader with the order theory of android malware to neglect certain cases of obfuscation.
Our Dalvik bytecode loader consists of functionalities such as 1. Finding cross-reference and calling sequence of the native API. 2. Tracing the bytecode register. The combination of these functionalities (yes, the order theory) not only can neglect obfuscation but also match perfectly to the design of our malware scoring system.
This is how we examine a real android malware (candy corn) with one single rule (crime).
$ quark -a sample/14d9f1a92dd984d6040cc41ed06e273e.apk \ -r rules/ \ --detail
Examine with rules.
quark -a sample/14d9f1a92dd984d6040cc41ed06e273e.apk \ -r rules/ \ --easy
- Fix missing comma in Debian/control. Thanks to @Hagb for this patch. (#278)
- Fix import errors with Graphviz 0.18. Thanks to @nplesak for this patch. (#288)
- Specify the highest compatible versions of the dependency packages. (#290)
$ git clone https://github.com/quark-engine/quark-engine.git; cd quark-engine/quark $ pipenv install $ pipenv shell $ python setup.py install
Make sure your python version is 3.7, or you could change it from Pipfile to what you have.
$ quark --help usage: quark [-h] [-e] [-d] -a APK -r RULE optional arguments: -h, --help show this help message and exit -e, --easy show easy report -d, --detail show detail report -a APK, --apk APK APK file -r RULE, --rule RULE Rules need to be checked
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