semgrep v0.56 releases: Fast and syntax-aware semantic code pattern search
Semgrep combines the convenient and iterative style of grep with the powerful features of an Abstract Syntax Tree (AST) matcher and limited dataflow. Easily find function calls, class or method definitions, and more without having to understand ASTs or wrestle with regexes.
Semgrep exists because:
- Insecure code is easy to write
- The future of security involves automatically guiding developers towards a “paved road” made of default-safe frameworks (i.e. React or Object-relational Mappers)
- grep isn’t expressive enough and traditional static analysis tools (SAST) are too complicated/slow for paved road automation
The AppSec, Developer, and DevOps communities deserve a static analysis tool that is fast, easy to use, code-aware, multi-lingual and open source!
Semgrep is optimized for:
- Speed: Fast enough to run on every build, commit, or file save
- Finding bugs that matter: Run your own specialized rules or choose OWASP 10 checks from the Semgrep Registry. Rules match source code at the Abstract Syntax Tree (AST) level, unlike regexes that match strings and aren’t semantically aware.
- Ease of customization: Rules look like the code you’re searching, no static analysis Ph.D. required. They don’t require compiled code, only source, reducing iteration time.
- Ease of integration. Highly portable and many CI and git-hook integrations already exist. Output –json and pipe results into your existing systems.
- Polyglot environments: Don’t learn and maintain multiple tools for your polyglot environment (e.g. ESLint, find-sec-bugs, RuboCop, Gosec). Use the same syntax and concepts independent of language.
Missing support for a language? Let us know by filing a ticket, joining our Slack, or emailing email@example.com.
Pattern Syntax Teaser
One of the most unique and useful things about Semgrep is how easy it is to write and iterate on queries.
The goal is to make it as easy as possible to go from an idea in your head to find the code patterns you intend to.
Example: Say you want to find all calls to a function named exec, and you don’t care about the arguments. With Semgrep, you could simply supply the pattern exec(…) and you’d match:
Importantly, Semgrep would not match the following:
Semgrep will even match aliased imports:
Play with this example in your browser here, or copy the above code into a file locally (
exec.py) and run:
More example patterns:
For more info on what you can do in patterns, see the pattern features docs.
- Associative-commutative matching for Boolean AND and OR operations (#3198)
- Upgrade TypeScript parser (#3102)
- Support metavariables inside strings (e.g.,
- Support metavariables inside atoms (e.g.,
- metavariable-pattern: Allow matching the content of a metavariable under a different language.
- C#: Parse attributes for local functions (#3348)
- Go: Recognize other common package naming conventions (#2424)
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