We live in an era which is driven by the internet and technology. This environment demands every entrepreneur to build and maintain an effective web presence. But before beginning with the process of giving life to their raw idea, they have to hire the best team that has the potential to match up with their specific business requirements.
There is a misconception that you need a few experienced programmers in order to build an influential website. But this is completely wrong. It’s because when you hire a web development company you have to deal with a team of professionals. And, in order to accomplish your project successfully, it’s mandatory to understand the precise roles of each and every member involved in the team.
This understanding will be extremely beneficial for you in seamlessly interacting with the team and you will be able to contact the right person for the modification that you want. For example, if you want to adjust the function of a particular button then the right person to contact first is the back-end programmer not the professional working on the front-end.
Let’s try to understand the basic structure of an efficient web development team which will help you in getting a clear idea of what chunk of the job each professional is in charge for. Also, it will allow you to make a better-informed decision in hiring the right team for the next web development project.
1. Requirement Analyst (RA) For Keeping A Proper Track Of The Execution & Progress Of The Project
This professional will be your first point of contact for initiating the web development project. He will be responsible for evaluating your idea and check its feasibility. Also, he will be the one to convert the raw idea into well-arranged technical documentation so that the other team members like developers and designers can easily understand and work on it.
A requirement analyst tries to understand each and every detail associated with the project such as the core functionality and features, target users, and expected architecture, etc. After gathering this information he will perform a detailed analysis and provide you with an estimated budget for the same by documenting it properly and precisely.
This professional will always try to understand the ultimate objective of your project irrespective of its nature. It allows them to get an idea of your specific business requirements. In addition, he will collect information about the functional requirements of your project such as users’ goals or desirable architecture. Also, he will help you in determining the
potential features that you can think of incorporating in your product.
But the task of an RA doesn’t end here. Ultimately, he has to transform the raw data into comprehensive product specifications which everyone in the team can refer to and take help in case they are stuck at some stage. In addition, after the product development has started RA will be in constant touch with you in order to get your approval or feedback regarding incorporating new features or adding modifications.
2. Product manager For Making Sure To Handover The Deliverables At Time
The product manager monitors and streamlines the workflow of the web development team. His major responsibilities are as follows:
a. Devise a proper plan for the project in order to specify details associated with timelines, costs, and resources at hand by evaluating the technical documentation provided by the RA.
b. Responsible to consult with the RA and determine the essential aspects such as the expected deadline, budget, etc.
c. He will be responsible to communicate with you at regular intervals of time. You can express your dissatisfaction to a certain functionality or your will to incorporate a new one to the lead. Also, he will get in touch with you in case the team needs some additional piece of detail regarding the project.
d. A product manager will only allocate duties to the team members. Also, he will monitor the work done by each member and make sure they accomplish the targets within the timeline.
3. Designers For Developing UX & UI
Usually, web development teams have two kinds of designers involved in a project. One for developing the user experience (UX) and the other for crafting the interface (UI). The majority of the development agencies appoint one designer to perform both the roles. These roles might be related to each other but their tasks are entirely different. Let’s look at them one at a time:
Role & Responsibilities Of A UX Designer
UX designer develops user personas by analyzing the target audience and evaluating their specific requirements and pain points. Also, they can write user stories based on their own research and understanding that can go beyond the product specifications documented by the RA in the first stage.
They build the whole architecture of the website that is the way in which the information will be structured and showcased to the users. Also, these professionals develop wireframes which serve as the mock-ups for showing the website’s configuration and come up with interactive prototypes for user testing.
Role & Responsibilities Of A UI Designer
UI designers are majorly responsible to work on how to make the web app looks appealing by polishing the overall style and visual flow, colour schemes, imagery, fonts, etc. Also, they are the ones who develop the logo for the site and work on incorporating animations and special fonts.
In general, there are only these two designers on a web development team. But in accordance with the specific requirements of your project, you can appoint a graphic designer to work on the logo, motion designer to focus on animations, interaction designer to look after the interaction between the product and the users, and information architect
especially for designing the information structure.
4. Web Developers For Giving Life To The Design
These professionals are responsible for converting the prototypes into code. But this domain is also not that simple. Let’s explore the three types of developers who are an integral part of the web development team:
I. Programmers efficient in HTML and CSS are required because they will be converting the visuals into code by focusing on what UI designer has developed.
II. Professionals working on the front-end are responsible to incorporate core functionality by making sure that all the elements of the interface such as buttons or forms operate in the way they’re expected to work.
In addition, these professionals primarily work on the client-side development and put efforts to make the website function seamlessly on multiple platforms. Front-end developers are generally experienced in HTML, CSS, and Java.
III. Back-end programmers for implementing the web app’s business logic and shaping the server architecture. These professionals write server-side scripts and manage databases. Also, they work on the security front and are responsible for integrating a content management system (CMS).
5. Quality Assurance Engineers (QA) For Confirming The Quality Of The End Product
These professionals are needed to cross-check that the product is working as it should be. First of all, they gather the product specifications from the RA and devise a testing plan. Also, they are responsible to test each version of the product which is produced by the developers. They make sure that each edition is bug-free, customer-centric, and in sync with
the specific requirements.
QA engineers find a bug and create a report to be sent to the programmers. Then developers reproduce the code and send the enhanced version back to the QA professionals for confirming that it’s now free from bugs. Also, these professionals verify that the design of the site is in accordance with the clients’ needs and objectives.
These five professionals are the backbone of an efficient web development team. It’s your duty to make sure that the team which you are going to hire has all these experts to make the end product operational.
Anubhuti Shrivastava is a content crafter at Arkenea, a custom software development company helping entrepreneurs and businesses build successful web and mobile apps. She is passionate about writing articles on topics related to design and the software development industry.