Cppcheck is a static analysis tool for C/C++ code. It provides a unique code analysis to detect bugs and focuses on detecting undefined behaviour and dangerous coding constructs. The goal is to detect only real errors in the code (i.e. have very few false positives).
Unique code analysis that detects various kinds of bugs in your code.
Both command line interface and graphical user interface are available.
Cppcheck has a strong focus on detecting undefined behaviour.
- Dead pointers
- Division by zero
- Integer Overflows
- Invalid bit shift operands
- Invalid conversions
- Invalid usage of STL
- Memory management
- Null pointer dereferences
- Out of bounds checking
- Uninitialized variables
- Writing const data
The most common types of security vulnerabilities in 2017 (CVE count) was:
|Category||Amount||Detected by Cppcheck|
|Buffer Errors||2530||A few|
|Improper Access Control||1366||A few (unintended backdoors)|
|Information Leak||1426||A few (unintended backdoors)|
|Permissions, Privileges, and Access Control||1196||A few (unintended backdoors)|
CVEs that was found using Cppcheck:
- CVE-2017-1000249: file : stack based buffer overflow
This was found by Thomas Jarosch using Cppcheck. The cause is a mistake in a condition.
- CVE-2013-6462: 23-year-old stack overflow in X.org that was found with Cppcheck.
This has been described in a few articles (link).
- CVE-2012-1147: readfilemap.c in expat before 2.1.0 allows context-dependent attackers to cause a denial of service (file descriptor consumption) via a large number of crafted XML files.
Command line interface:
- –project can now import Cppcheck GUI projects.
- Condition is always true when array address is compared with 0.
- function argument expression calculation has known result (#8830)
- Better lifetime checking (using pointer/reference that points at deleted object)
- Improved whole program analysis
- Better handling of language extension var@address.
- Many improvements in parser to handle templates, type aliases, etc better
- new configuration for boost
- much better wxwidgets configuration
- New addon for checking naming conventions. Naming conventions are configured in json file.
According to daca@home Cppcheck-1.87 is in average 10% faster than Cppcheck-1.86.