python-iocextract v1.16.1 releases: Advanced Indicator of Compromise (IOC) extractor


This library extracts URLs, IP addresses, MD5/SHA hashes, email addresses, and YARA rules from text corpora. It includes some encoded and “defanged” IOCs in the output, and optionally decodes/refangs them.

This library currently supports the following IOCs:

  • IP Addresses
    • IPv4 fully supported
    • IPv6 partially supported
  • URLs
    • With protocol specifier: http, https, tcp, udp, ftp, sftp, ftps
    • With [.] anchor, even with no protocol specifier
    • IPv4 and IPv6 (RFC2732) URLs are supported
    • Hex-encoded URLs with protocol specifier: http, https, ftp
    • URL-encoded URLs with protocol specifier: http, https, ftp, ftps, sftp
    • Base64-encoded URLs with protocol specifier: http, https, ftp
  • Emails
    • Partially supported, anchoring on @ or at
  • YARA rules
    • With imports, includes, and comments
  • Hashes
    • MD5
    • SHA1
    • SHA256
    • SHA512
  • Custom regex
    • With exactly one capture group

The Problem

It is common practice for malware analysts or endpoint software to “defang” IOCs such as URLs and IP addresses, in order to prevent accidental exposure to live malicious content. Being able to extract and aggregate these IOCs is often valuable for analysts. Unfortunately, existing “IOC extraction” tools often pass right by them, as they are not caught by standard regex.

For example, the simple defanging technique of surrounding periods with brackets:


Existing tools that use a simple IP address regex will ignore this IOC entirely.

The Solution

By combining specially crafted regex with some custom postprocessing, we are able to both detect and deobfuscate “defanged” IOCs. This saves time and effort for the analyst, who might otherwise have to manually find and convert IOCs into a machine-readable format.

Changelog v1.16.1

Bug Fixes

  • Includes a fix for IP addresses and URL extraction, removing schema in certain cases when using these methods interchangeably (#77)


pip install iocextract




Copyright (c) 2018, InQuest